By eToro

Introducing: Unified overnight fees across categories

Here at eToro, we are continuously trying to improve your trading experience, by giving you a trading platform that operates transparently, while simultaneously maintaining an easy-to-use interface. One way to do this is by unifying many of the nightly and weekend rollover fees for various assets, with a single formula used for each asset class. In this way, you can easily determine exactly what fees you are paying and have a clear understanding of your finances on the platform.

While stocks, ETFs and cryptocurrencies are bought and sold on eToro with the trader owning the underlying assets (for long, non-leveraged positions), other assets are traded as CFDs, which incur rollover fees. As per industry standards, weekend fees are calculated on Wednesdays for commodities and currencies and on Fridays for Indices, with the current nightly rollover fee tripled. This blog post will explain exactly how overnight fees are calculated now on eToro.

Please note: The new fees will come into effect on July 8th, 2018.

What is eToro doing?

We are unifying fees across various asset classes, using a single formula for specific groups. This way, instead of looking up how to calculate the rollover fees for each asset, traders can now use a single formula for a much larger group of instruments.
Tip: When you open a CFD trade, the nightly and rollover fees will appear at the bottom of the ‘Open Trade’ popup window.

How are fees calculated?

The formula will be different for each asset class. The fees are calculated on a monthly basis for all assets other than spot energy instruments, which are calculated once every two weeks, and the rate applies until the time of the next calculation. Here’s a breakdown of the new formulas:

For BUY (long) positions: (Units * Price) * (3% + LIBOR)/365
For SELL (short) positions: (Units * Price) * (3% – LIBOR)/365

Basically, for long positions, we take the number of units bought, multiply that by the price of each unit, then multiply that by the eToro markup added to the monthly LIBOR (an international interest rate banks use for loans) at the time of the calculation. The result is divided by 365, to reflect the daily fee. For short positions, the LIBOR is deducted from the eToro markup.

Example: Annie buys 1 unit of SPX500 (priced at $2,500) and the current LIBOR is 1.9597%.
The equation will be: (1 * $2500) * (3% + 1.9597%)/365 = $0.3397

Therefore, the nightly rollover fee for that position will be $0.3397 per night.

Spot metals and currencies
For BUY (long) positions: (Units * Price) * (MU /365) + (Units * Tom-Next Rate)
For SELL (short) positions: (Units * Price) * (MU /365) – (Units * Tom-Next Rate)

For long positions, the unit number is multiplied by the price per unit, and then multiplied by the daily expression of the annual eToro markup (MU), which is 1.5% for spot metals and 1% for currencies. The number of units is then multiplied by the Tom-Next Rate, which is a standard, short-term rate for spot metals and foreign currency trading. For short positions, the ‘unit number multiplied by the Tom-Next rate’ part of the equation is subtracted from the fee.

Example: Bob buys 1 unit of Gold (priced at $1,300), and the current Tom-Next is $0.07.
The equation will be: (1 * $1300)*(1.5%)/365 + (1 * $0.07) = $0.1234

Resulting in an overnight fee of $0.1234 for that position.

Spot energy
For BUY (long) positions: {[(3% * Price) / 365] + [1/NumDays * (Next – Front)]} * Units
For SELL (short) positions: {[(3% * Price) / 365] – [1/NumDays * (Next – Front)]} * Units

An annual 3% markup is added to the current price of the instrument (such as oil), and then divided by 365 to reflect a daily rate. For long positions, to that we add the result of an equation where 1 is divided by the number of days between the expiration dates of the current (front) and the next contract for the relevant spot energy instrument, multiplied by the difference between the price of both contracts. The resulting number is then multiplied by the number of units in the position, to reflect the overnight fee.

Example: Catherine buys one unit of oil, and the current price is $65. The front contract expires in 22 days and oil is priced at $64 on it. The next contract expires in 45 days and oil is priced at $67 on it.
The equation will be: {[(0.03 * 65) / 365] + [1/23 * (67-64)]} * 1

Which means the overnight fee for the position would be $0.1357

How does this affect you?

The fees apply to all of your currency, index and commodity positions held overnight or over the weekend. The overnight fee for each position is clearly displayed when opening a new position.

We realize that not all of our traders manually calculate overnight fees for each of their positions. However, since one of our core values is transparency, we want you to understand how our fees are calculated. We hope that you now have a better understanding of our fees and realize that this is not an arbitrary number added to your positions, but rather, a fee calculated using standard industry rates.

Your capital is at risk. This is not investment advice. CFD trading.